Like the European Qualifications Framework (EQF), the Lithuanian Qualifications Framework (LTQF) has 8 qualification levels. Levels of qualifications are arranged hierarchically, in accordance with the criteria defining qualifications’ levels: complexity, autonomy and a range of activities which a person with certain qualifications can be expected to carry out. The LTQF includes qualifications for working and learning, the main purpose of which is to prepare a person for further learning. Such qualifications are acquired upon completion of general lower or upper secondary education programmes.
VET qualifications are attributed to the first five levels of the LTQF in the Lithuanian qualifications system. Qualifications at levels 1-4 are acquired by completing vocational education and/or general education programmes, whereas qualifications at level 5 are acquired by completing training programmes intended for people with a vocational qualification and professional experience, higher education programmes not leading to a degree, and/or through professional experience and independent study.
Level 6 qualifications are acquired by completing cycle one of university or college studies and, in cases and according to the procedure specified in legislation, by completing study or requalification programmes not leading to a degree.
Level 7 qualifications are acquired by completing cycle two of university studies or integrated study programmes, in cases and according to the procedure specified in legislation, by completing study or requalification programmes not leading to a degree.
Level 8 qualifications are acquired by completing doctoral studies. In addition, qualifications at all levels may be acquired by gaining professional experience or by independent study.
Qualifications awarded at present in the LTQF:
Certificate of residency
Professional bachelor diploma
(on completion of the upper-secondary education programme
and passing matura examinations)
Lower-secondary education certificate**
* Presently only a VET qualification is awarded at NQF level 5. Discussions on whether these qualifications should be awarded solely within European Higher Education Area or outside of it have strengthened and still no policy consensus has been reached.
** The legislation defining provisions for general education curricula stipulates that learning outcomes of lower secondary education programmes are referenced with a third NQF level, whereas learning outcomes of upper-secondary education programmes are referenced with a fourth NQF level.
Source: The Qualifications and VET Development Centre (QVETDC), 2017